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西路军生死档案:《经济学人》辣么强,该如何读懂一篇上面的文

2019-06-05 22:41 来源:网络整理

《经济学人》辣么强,该如何读懂一篇上面的文章?

2017-11-20 21:00 来源:toefl托福备考

原标题:《经济学人》辣么强,该如何读懂一篇上面的文章?

英文老师总说《New York Times》《The Wall Street Journal》是他们的课外休闲读物,学霸们喜欢说他们从《Time》《National Geographic》学到很多,很炫很牛X!

然鹅,我每次仅仅是看了杂志里文章的标题和长度,就放弃了这条路,该背单词还是要去背单词的……咳,但也不是说就不能读,其实阅读是有方法的,举个老例子:

In Search of Lost Time

Time poverty is a problem partly of perception and partly of distribution.(原文太长可以谷一下或者度一下)

Dec 20th 2014 | From the print edition of The Economist

西路军生死档案:《经济学人》辣么强,该如何读懂一篇上面的文

1、标题

正标题“In search of lost time. Why is everyone so busy?” 这是一个关于lost time的问题。

副标题“Time poverty is a problem partly of perception and partly of distribution.”全篇文章着力于解释“时间不足”的两个原因, perception(感知)和distribution(分配)。

所以从标题我们获得了全文的最主要信息

现象:Time poverty

从两个方面解释现象:perception and distribution

2、每段的中心句

中心句(Topic Sentence)是十分重要的。基本上大部分的文段中,中心句都会出现在每段的开头部分,但也有一些会在段末尾出现。

比如第一二段:

THE predictions sounded like promises: in the future, working hours would be short and vacations long. “Our grandchildren”, reckoned John Maynard Keynes in 1930, would work around “three hours a day”—and probably only by choice. Economic progress and technological advances had already shrunk working hours considerably by his day, and there was no reason to believe this trend would not continue. Whizzy cars and ever more time-saving tools and appliances guaranteed more speed and less drudgery in all parts of life. Social psychologists began to fret: whatever would people do with all their free time?

This has not turned out to be one of the world’s more pressing problems. Everybody, everywhere seems to be busy. In the corporate world, a “perennial time-scarcity problem” afflicts executives all over the globe, and the matter has only grown more acute in recent years, say analysts at McKinsey, a consultancy firm. These feelings are especially profound among working parents. As for all those time-saving gizmos, many people grumble that these bits of wizardry chew up far too much of their days, whether they are mouldering in traffic, navigating robotic voice-messaging systems or scything away at e-mail—sometimes all at once.

这样很长的阅读文章,一般开头第一段是一个引入,所以Topic Sentence出现在最后,提出一个疑问。

西路军生死档案:《经济学人》辣么强,该如何读懂一篇上面的文

第二段,我们的Topic Sentence就出现在开头啦。This出现在段首,指代是上一段末尾,这里就是上一段提出的疑问。这个中心句很有意思,有一定的难度,采用正话反说:“whatever would people do with all their free time?”不是一件很紧迫的问题(Pressing problem)。但实际上如果你没看懂第一句话,那你看下一句话也对上一句做了解释。

除去中心句的部分就是细节了。所有的细节都是说为了说明“Everybody, everywhere seems to be busy.”,就不是阅读的重点了。当然,这样的长篇阅读中不是每段话都有topic sentence的,有些段落只是衔接,或者继续罗列上一段的细节,这点在阅读中也要注意。但在托福考试中,由于文章比较短小,基本每一段都会出现自己的中心点。

所以,全篇的阅读就是需要找每段的中心句,理解这段的要点,新观点。长阅读,最好根据每段内容写下全篇的outline,这样阅读起来比较轻松,也比较能把握文章的思路。

3、抓住文章中的逻辑词

对逻辑词的熟悉是十分重要的,无论在听力里,还是阅读中,对逻辑词越敏感,对文章的解读就会更快。

Individualistic cultures,which emphasise achievement over affiliation, help cultivate this time-is-money mindset.因果逻辑