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第一号留学预警:《经济学人》读译参考 Day150

2019-06-05 22:35 来源:网络整理

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TEXT 150

经济学人:非洲禁塑令 禁止塑料袋只是一小步(1)

Middle East and Africa African Rubbish: Plastic bantastic

中东与欧洲 非洲垃圾:禁塑令

第一号留学预警:《经济学人》读译参考 Day150

Banning the bag is a small step.

禁止塑料袋只是一小步。

Littering in graveyards is generally frowned upon.But at the edge of Kangemi, a slum in Nairobi, Kenya's capital, a patch of land that used to be a final resting place for humans now serves as a rubbish dump.A few mangy goats roam around, picking out scraps of food.Men, too, scrabble around.

译文

在墓地乱扔垃圾通常会引起反感。但是在肯尼亚首都内罗毕的一个名为Kangemi的贫民窟的边缘地区,一片曾经的长眠之所现在变成了垃圾场。脏兮兮的几只山羊在周围晃悠找零星的吃的。人也一样,四处翻捡垃圾。

“This is where we find our daily bread,” says George Kimani, who collects aluminium cans and plastic bottles and sells them to recyclers.But one thing is not of use, he says: plastic bags.Left behind by goats and men alike, they form a carpet of green, blue and white on the ochre earth.

译文

在垃圾堆里拾铝罐和塑料瓶然后卖给回收站的乔治·基马尼说这里是他们每天的口粮来源。但他还说有一样是没用的——塑料袋。人和山羊都不要的塑料袋在这片赭红色的土地上铺成绿色、蓝色和白色的一片。

Since their invention in the 1960s, disposable plastic bags have made lives easier for lazy shoppers the world over.But once used, they become a blight.This is particularly true in poor countries without good systems for disposing of them.

译文

自20世纪60年代它们被发明以来,一次性塑料袋使世界各地的懒人购物变得轻而易举。但一旦使用,它们就变成一颗环境毒瘤。这并非危言耸听,尤其是对于没有完备系统来处理它们的贫穷国家来说。

They are not only unsightly.Filled with rainwater, they are a boon for malaria-carrying mosquitoes.Dumped in the ocean, they kill fish.They may take hundreds of years to degrade.

译文

垃圾袋不仅仅是有碍观瞻。它们在盛满雨水之后会成为携带疟疾的蚊子的温床;被倾卸在海洋里的话,垃圾袋还会杀死鱼类;并且它们要花上几百年才能自然分解。

On March 15th Kenya announced that it will become the second country in Africa to ban them.It follows Rwanda, a country with a dictatorial obsession with cleanliness, which outlawed them in 2008.

译文

3月15日,肯尼亚宣布其将成为非洲第二个禁止塑料袋的国家。它之前是卢旺达,这个对卫生清洁有着专断式的追求的国家在2008年宣布塑料袋不合法。

注释

1.at the edge of 在...边缘

例句:He came to a halt at the edge of a steep incline.

他在一个陡坡边上停住了。

2.Dumped in 倾倒

例句:He was dumped in a backyard by a whole bunch of other people.

他是被一群人丢在了别人家的后院。

3.disposing of 处理

例句:Clearing site sometimes can involves removing trees and tree stumps and disposing of the debris.

清理场地有时包括移树、树桩和处理碎屑。

4.plastic bags 塑料袋

例句:Many things pollute water, such as tires, trash, and plastic bags.

很多东西使水污染,例如轮胎、垃圾和塑胶袋。

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